Council of Independent Colleges Historic Campus Architecture Project
Project Background

In recent years, the study of campus history has received increasing interest in and attention by many sectors of the educational community. Institutions are working to understand more completely their physical environments and how these relate to educational mission, as well as wider historical trends. The CIC HCAP survey data and website have been developed to help various constituencies gain an awareness of and appreciation for campus history and also to learn from the architecture and landscape preservation efforts made by institutions.

Between 2002 and 2006, the CIC HCAP was supported by two generous grants from the Campus Heritage Initiative of the Getty Foundation. From 2002-2004, CIC developed a survey to collect information about places of significant historical interest (in relation to architecture, landscape, American history, and the histories of education, religion, engineering, and culture) identified by representatives of institutions themselves. This survey was distributed among 724 independent, four-year, B.A.-granting institutions with less than 5,000 students. Nearly 50 percent of this original group participated in the project. In 2005, CIC began website development with a second two-year grant from the Getty Foundation.

The CIC HCAP was guided by an advisory committee and developed by the coordinated efforts of a team of people from HCAP, CIC, and several independent professionals with whom HCAP contracted for specific services.

Advisory committee
Thomas C. Celli
Celli-Flynn Brennan, Architects and Planners (PA)
Therese O'Malley
Associate Dean
Center for Advanced Study in the Visual Arts
National Gallery of Art
Jeffrey A. Cohen
Senior Lecturer
Bryn Mawr College
Damie Stillman
Professor of Art History Emeritus
University of Delaware
Russell V. Keune
Former Director of International Relations
American Institute of Architects
John Strassburger
Ursinus College (PA)
Randall Mason
Associate Professor of Architecture,
Graduate Program in Historic Preservation
School of Design, University of Pennsylvania
CIC HCAP staff
Barbara S. Christen, Project Director
Project planning and management
Part-time personnel:
Jennifer M. Baggot, Research Associate
Data input, document scanning, correspondence, editing
Matthew E. Linder, Research Assistant
Data input, bibliographic research
Jennifer R. D'Urso, Research Associate
Data evaluation, database development, project research
Timothy J. Mackin, Research Associate
Data input and editing, data evaluation
Lael J. Ensor, Research Associate
Data input and editing, bibliographic research
Christina Myers, Research Associate
Data editing, bibliographic research
Amanda L. Hockensmith, Research Associate
Data input and editing, design development
Marianne S. Percival, Research Associate
Data collection, correspondence, project and bibliographic research
Jane E. Lesnick, Research Associate
Data editing, bibliographic research
Honora Shea, Research Assistant
Data input, correspondence
CIC staff
Richard H. Ekman, President
Project management
Frederik Ohles, Vice President for Advancement
Project liaison
Laura A. Wilcox, Vice President for Communications
Public relations, graphic design development
August G. Adams, Communications and Web Manager
Web postings, graphic design evaluation
Rodolfo Castro, Catalone Design Company
Graphic and interface design
Brian Harrington, Independent consultant
Software and hardware consultation
Michael Collinson and Joseph Reggetz, Business Engineering Incorporated
Hardware and server consultation
Stephen Rutz, Steve Rutz Software
Database consultation
Michael Dewsnip, New Zealand Digital Library Project
University of Waikato
Greenstone software customization and development
David Seaman, Executive Director, Digital Library Federation
Management and software consultation
Michael Dewsnip and John Thompson, DL Consulting Ltd.
Greenstone software customization and development
Allison Zhang, Independent consultant
Software consultation
Joyce Essel, Independent consultant
Database development
Site Design and Development
Catalone Design Company of Bethesda, Maryland, provided graphic and interface design for the website. For more information, see
Greenstone, a software package developed by the New Zealand Digital Library Project at the University of Waikato, generates web pages dynamically in response to users navigating through the site. This has many advantages, including seamless search integration and the ability to instantly change the look and feel of the site. Search indexes and browsing structures are also precomputed, for quick browsing and searching.
The CIC Historic Campus Architecture Project collection uses two purpose-built plugins to process the project data files. One plugin processes the Microsoft Access database used to store the data from the survey, generating a Greenstone "object" for each of the institutions, places, designers and references. It also generates small (thumbnail), medium, and large versions of each place image, and the site "browse" pages. The second plugin processes the Microsoft Word file containing bibliographic references not associated with particular places in the database.
As well as having highly-customized document importing programs, the CIC HCAP collection has a completely customized design and user interface. This was implemented using Greenstone's formatting and macro languages, with over 120 new or customized macros. For more information about Greenstone, see
Greenstone customization work was carried out by DL Consulting Ltd. The HCAP site was hosted by DL Consulting Ltd. from November 2006 to December 2007.
Server Technical Information
The CIC HCAP site is hosted by ARTstor. It runs on an Solaris based system from Sun Microsystems. The server is located in a world-class data center in North America.

The Council of Independent Colleges is an association of more than 570 independent, liberal arts colleges and universities and higher education affiliates and organizations that work together to strengthen college and university leadership, sustain high-quality education, and enhance private higher education's contributions to society. To fulfill this mission, CIC provides its members with skills, tools, and knowledge that address aspects of leadership, financial management and performance, academic quality, and institutional visibility. The Council is headquartered at One Dupont Circle in Washington, DC.

The Getty Foundation provides support to institutions and individuals throughout the world, funding a diverse range of projects that promote the understanding and conservation of the visual arts. The grant-making foundation furthers the work of all Getty Programs. The Foundation also encompasses the Getty Leadership Institute, the leading source of continuing professional development for current and future museum leaders. For more information, see:


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Council of Independent Colleges
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Last update: November 2006