Council of Independent Colleges Historic Campus Architecture Project


Cushing Hall

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Institution Name: Hampden-Sydney College
Original/Historic Place Name: New College; The College
Location on Campus: North End
Date(s) of Construction and Designer(s):
1822-1833original construction Phaup, William Perry, Reuben
1910interior modernization; addition of porches and slate roof Unknown
1998interior modernization Unknown
Type of Place: Individual building
Style(s): (Glossary)
Foundation: brick
Walls: brick
Roof: cedar shakes (original); slate (current)
ca. 1822auditorium
ca. 1822chapel
ca. 1822residence hall (including teachers' apartments)
ca. 1822library
ca. 1822classrooms (including laboratories and literary society meeting rooms)
ca. 1822old main
ca. 2004-present (2007)residence hall

Significance: architecture, history, landscape
Landmark designation:
National RegisterHampden-Sydney College Historic District (1970)
Narrative: see below
References: see below

This building is plain and functional, as befits a country Presbyterian college (and as directed by the Board); yet it also sports a highly academic cornice modeled on fashionable pattern books. The exterior has been restored and the interior modernized (first in 1910, more recently in 1998). Porches were added in 1910, along with a slate roof. The front of the building was originally the back, which faced the 18th century campus (which it also replaced).

Cushing Hall is the model for Venable Hall (seminary) and the Randolph-Macon Building in Boydton, VA.

I. Bibliographic sources:

Brinkley, John L. On This Hill: A Narrative History of Hampden-Sydney College. Hampden-Sydney, VA: Hampden-Sydney College, 1994.

Virginia Historic Landmarks Commission. Hampden-Sydney College Historic District. National Register of Historic Places designation report. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of the Interior/National Park Service, 1970.

II. Location of other data:
University: Library, Special Collections, Facilities Management Office
Government Offices

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Last update: November 2006