Council of Independent Colleges Historic Campus Architecture Project


Italian Gardens and Apollo Fountain

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Institution Name: Georgian Court University
Original/Historic Place Name: Italian Gardens and Apollo Fountain
Location on Campus: center of campus
Date(s) of Construction and Designer(s):
1898-1899original construction Price, Bruce
1902Apollo Fountain Rhind, John Massey
Type of Place: Landscape site
Type of landscape–
Distinct topography:
Gardens extend almost a quarter of a mile between the Casino building and Lake Carasaljo.
Constructed water features:
Apollo Fountain, and Sunken Garden and Lagoon.
Small-scale features:
Designed by Bruce Price to give to garden design much of the character of the formal gardens of Italy.
Other characteristics:
Materials: Apollo Fountain, marble and bronze; Sunken Garden and Lagoon, marble and brick
1889-present (2007)outdoor space

Significance: architecture, landscape
Landmark designation:
National RegisterGeorgian Court (1978)
Narrative: see below
References: see below

The focal point of the roads and paths of the Italian Garden is the Fountain of Apollo, designed and executed by the Scottish-American sculptor John Massey Rhind in 1902. The outer rim of the basin measures sixty feet in diameter. The main figure of Apollo, ten feet in height, and the chariot, a colossal nautilus shell topped by an octopus, are cast in bronze. The other figures--seahorses, mermaids, and cherubs--are in white Istrian marble. Two marble pergolas stand at the north end of the Italian Garden. The large semicircular pergolas with Tuscan columns, marble benches, and statuary emphasize the classic character of the garden.

I. Bibliographic sources:

Geis, M. Christina. Georgian Court. National Register of Historic Places designation report. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of the Interior/National Park Service, 1978.

Geis, M. Christina. Georgian Court: An Estate of the Guilded Age. Philadelphia: Philadelphia Art Alliance Press, 1983.

H2L2, LLP. Campus Master Plan [Georgian Court University]. [Philadelphia: H2L2], April 2003.

II. Location of other data:
Government Offices

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