Council of Independent Colleges Historic Campus Architecture Project

 

 
Pritchard Hall

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Institution Name: Eureka College
Original/Historic Place Name: Pritchard Gymnasium
Location on Campus: 300 E. College Ave.
Date(s) of Construction and Designer(s):
1914-1915original construction Unknown
1975interior renovations Unknown
1994remodeled structurally Unknown
Type of Place: Individual building
Style(s): (Glossary)
Materials:
Foundation: stone
Walls: brick
Roof: slate
 
    Function:
1915-1975gymnasium
1994-present (2007)academic department building (fine and performing arts)

Significance: architecture, history, religion
Landmark designation:
none
Narrative: see below
References: see below
 

Narrative:
Originally built to serve as the gymnasium for Eureka College, this structure was later converted into a center for the fine and performing arts. Interior renovations begun in 1975 and substantial structural remodeling in 1994 have completed the transformation of this space.

The structure today has the semblance of a medieval fortress, but its truest architectural description would be to classify it as a twentieth century Richardson Romanesque building. This style, named in honor of American architect Henry Hobson Richardson, is characterized by massive brick or stone walls, dramatic semicircular arches, and a new dynamism of interior space. Heaviness is the ever-present characteristic of the Richardson Romanesque style, emphasized not only by the brick or stone construction but also by deep windows, cavernous recessed door openings, and bands of windows. Openings were further defined by contrasting color or texture of brick or stone. Symmetry and balance are key design elements in this style.
 

References:
I. Bibliographic sources:

Rodriguez, Junius P. "The Architecture of Eureka College." Woodford, IL: Eureka College, 2003.

II. Location of other data:
 

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Last update: November 2006