Council of Independent Colleges Historic Campus Architecture Project


Quadrangle and Burnham Circle

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Institution Name: Drury University
Original/Historic Place Name: Quadrangle and Burnham Circle
Location on Campus:
Date(s) of Construction and Designer(s):
ca. 1873evolution of quadrangle plan Unknown
Type of Place: Landscape site
Type of landscape–
Distinct topography:
Central quadrangle area.
Other characteristics:
Civil War entrenchments (partial remains); "Old Wire Road" or "Old Ridge Road" ran adjacent to the site; site of first "colored school" in Springfield.
Materials: grass, trees, concrete sidewalks
ca. 1873outdoor space

Significance: architecture, history, landscape
Landmark designation:
Narrative: see below
References: see below

The quadrangle of Burnham Circle is important for a number of reasons: upon the site are Civil War entrenchments used during the Battle of Springfield on January 8, 1863; across the southern end and along the eastern side of the site ran the "Old Wire Road" or the "Old Ridge Road" between Springfield and St. Louis; and adjacent to the southern edge of the site, where Bay Hall is currently located, was Springfield's original "colored school." The quadrangle of Burnham Circle has been a dominating feature in the evolution of the campus. The campus evolved along the western edge of this quadrangle northward from Stone Chapel between 1873 and 1900. Simultaneously, the surrounding neighborhood continued to develop around the campus, with a number of stores and homes being located along the eastern side of the "Old Wire Road," or the current Drury Lane. During the first quarter of the 20th century, the college began to develop along the eastern side of Drury Lane with the construction of Springfield Hall and on the northern side of the quadrangle with Harwood Hall. Today, Burnham Circle is the physical, social, and historical center of the campus. The remnants of the Civil War entrenchments are still clearly discernable as undulating earth berms at the southwest corner of the quad.

I. Bibliographic sources:

Clippenger, Frank W. The Drury Story. Springfield, MO: Drury University, 1982.

II. Location of other data:
University: Library, Special Collections

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