Council of Independent Colleges Historic Campus Architecture Project


Leland Castle

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Institution Name: College of New Rochelle
Original/Historic Place Name: Simeon Leland Summer Home
Location on Campus: Castle Pl.
Date(s) of Construction and Designer(s):
1855original construction Beers, W. T.
1899south wing added Unknown
1902north wing added Unknown
1973renovation Unknown
Type of Place: Individual building
Style(s): (Glossary)
Foundation: stone
Walls: none specified
Roof: slate
1855-1897private residence (summer home)
1904-1973other (convent)
1973-present (2007)other (parlors for receptions)
1973-present (2007)museum (gallery space)
1973-present (2007)faculty offices

Significance: architecture, education, religion
Landmark designation:
National RegisterLeland Castle (1976)
Narrative: see below
References: see below

In 1896, the college's founder Mother Irene Gill, traveled to New Rochelle to explore the possibility of establishing a seminary there for young women. She spoke with the Rev. Thomas McLoughlin, pastor of Blessed Sacrament Church and friend of Father O'Farrell, about her plans and learned from him that a wonderful potential site, Leland Castle, might be available for purchase. This 1850s gothic revival structure--the vacation home of wealthy New York hotelier Simeon Leland built in the 1850s-- seemed ideal. The sale was delayed, however, and not until the summer of 1897 did the Ursulines move into their new home on Castle Place. In September 1897, ten boarders and sixty day students of the Ursuline Seminary for Girls joined them behind the heavy doors decorated with the lion heads. This enterprise marked the beginning of what is now The Ursuline School on North Avenue, for many years an intrinsic part of the College with facilities in or near the Castle. The Castle, which was renovated in 1973, is part of the campus quadrangle.

I. Bibliographic sources:

Leland Castle [College of New Rochelle]. National Register of Historic Places designation report. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of the Interior/National Park Service, 1976.

II. Location of other data:
University: Library, Special Collections, Facilities Management Office
Government Offices

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