Council of Independent Colleges Historic Campus Architecture Project

 

 
Central Quadrangle

Click on image titles for larger views.
Institution Name: Colgate University
Original/Historic Place Name: Central Quadrangle
Location on Campus: Central Quadrangle
Date(s) of Construction and Designer(s):
1826original construction (West Hall) Unknown
1834original construction (East Hall) Unknown
1859-1862original construction (Alumni Hall) Unknown
1885original construction (Hascall Hall) Unknown
1905original construction (Lathrop Hall) Unknown
1916-1918original construction (The Chapel) Unknown
1926original construction (Lawrence Hall) Unknown
Type of Place: Building group
Style(s) of majority of buildings: Federal, Beaux-Arts classicism, Colonial revival, Regionalist/Vernacular
Style(s) of minority of buildings: Italianate, Romanesque revival
Building group type: Informal; Quadrangle; Other: the Central Quadrangle developed through a series of discreet but uncoordinated siting decisions. It evolved in its distinctive form after 1885, when the original linear organization of the University was abandoned. By 1929, the principal structures on the Quadrangle were in place.
Relationship to landscape:
none specified
Ideas associated with building group:
none specified
    Function:
1826-present (2007)other (academic, ceremonial and residential center of the campus)

Significance: architecture, education
Landmark designation:
none
Narrative: see below
References: see below
 

Narrative:
The Central Quadrangle is defined on its south side by the three principal early structures of the campus: East Hall (1834), West Hall (1826) and Alumni Hall (1859-1862). In 1885, Hascall Hall was set at right angles toward the east end of that line of buildings. The construction of Lathrop Hall in 1905 and Lawrence Hall in 1926 established the north side. The Chapel (1916-1918) closes the west end and, by virtue of its cupola, both anchors and symbolizes the campus in the landscape. The architectural interest of the quadrangle is the manner in which the use of relatively consistent stone and simple details gives the campus a sense of strong architectural identity that absorbs the vernacular, Italianate, and federal revival structures.

The contribution of the Central Quadrangle to the whole campus is one of focus and contrast. The Quadrangle gives the campus a relatively intimate and symbolically laden central focus in which many of the important ceremonies (initially religious and secular and now largely secular) of the institution are played out. At the same time, the closure of the Central Quadrangle makes the expansive informality of the remainder of the campus, and especially the lower campus, especially eloquent.

The emergence of the orthogonal disposition of structures in the quad influenced campus plans of the 1920s through the 1940s (none of which were implemented beyond the construction of a parallel residential quadrangle on the south side).
 

References:
I. Bibliographic sources:

The Colgate University Centennial Celebration: 1819-1919. Hamilton, NY: Colgate University, 1920.

Williams, Howard. A History of Colgate University, 1819-1969. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold, 1969.

II. Location of other data:
University: Library, Special Collections, Facilities Management Office
 

Contact us / About Site / About CIC
© 2006
Council of Independent Colleges
One Dupont Circle, Ste. 320
Washington, DC
All rights reserved
Last update: November 2006