Council of Independent Colleges Historic Campus Architecture Project

 

 
Native American Effigy Mounds

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Institution Name: Carroll College (WI)
Original/Historic Place Name: Effigy Mounds
Location on Campus: main lawn in front of Main Hall Beciong Learning Center
Date(s) of Construction and Designer(s):
1850surveyed and identified; May Lapham, I. A.
ca. 300-900original construction Native Americans: possibly ancestors of the Potawatomi or Ho Chunk Nations
Type of Place: Landscape site
Type of landscape–
Other characteristics:
Native American effigy mounds which sit on top of a hill and escarpment. At one time, the hill also contained Native American corn mounds used for farming.
Materials: Waukesha limestone and soil
    Function:
1846-present (2007)other (main lawn of Carroll College)
ca. 300-900other (Native American effigy mounds)

Significance:
Landmark designation:
none
Narrative: see below
References: see below
 

Narrative:
In May 1850 the Native American mounds were surveyed and identified by I. A. Lapham. The exact construction technique is not fully understood. It is also not known if these mounds were ever excavated. Other mounds in Wisconsin that Lapham surveyed were constructed out of limestone gravel and soil. Some of these were burial mounds. But, due to their small size, it is believed that the mounds on the present day campus of Carroll College were built for ceremonial purposes. The mound builders were possibly the ancestors of the Potawatomi or Ho Chunk (Winnebago) Nations.
 

References:
I. Bibliographic sources:

Langill, Ellen. Carroll College: The First Century, 1846-1946. Waukesha, WI: Carroll College Press, 1980.

Lapham, I. A. The Antiquities of Wisconsin, As Surveyed and Described. New York: AMS Press for the Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology at Harvard University, 1973.

II. Location of other data:
University: Library, Special Collections
 

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Last update: November 2006