Council of Independent Colleges Historic Campus Architecture Project


Broadoaks School

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Institution Name: Whittier College
Original/Historic Place Name: Broadoaks Demonstration School
Location on Campus: north side of Philadelphia St. at Founders Hill Rd.
Date(s) of Construction and Designer(s):
1948original construction Harrison, William H.
1959relocation Unknown
1986renovation Craig Hill
Type of Place: Individual building
Style(s): (Glossary)
Foundation: concrete with gravel fill
Walls: wood (frame); stucco (exterior); glass (exterior); lathe and plaster (interior)
Roof: tar paper
ca. 1948-present (2007)other (laboratory school for training of specialists in and teachers of early childhood education)

Significance: architecture, culture, education, history
Landmark designation:
Narrative: see below
References: see below

Broadoaks was founded in Pasadena in 1906 by Ada Brooks, who was soon joined in the pioneering work by her sister, Imelda Brooks. Although the school began as an early kindergarten, the sisters were also soon teaching kindergarten teachers, basing much of their practice upon the innovative work and educational theories of Maria Montessori, Johann H. Pestalozzi, and Friedrich Froebel.

Under the leadership of Jane McKee, who took over upon the retirement of the Brooks sisters, Broadoaks affiliated with Whittier College in 1931. The program continued to be conducted on the Pasadena campus until it was relocated to the Whittier campus in 1945. The Broadoaks School Building, a special purpose building designed for early childhood education, was completed three years later in an eclectic post-World War II modern style that incorporates streamline modern elements of steel, concrete, and glass with stucco finishing. The facility continues to be a viable and versatile educational center for Whittier College's innovative and high-quality program in the training of early childhood educators and specialists. Judith Wagner, current director of the program, is a nationally recognized authority in the field.

Originally built on the crest of a hill north of Philadelphia Street, in 1959, under the direction of local architect William H. Harrison, it was moved down the hill to accommodate the construction of the campus music building on the high ground. Craig Hill, also a Whittier architect, completed a renovation in 1986.

I. Bibliographic sources:

Arnold, Benjamin F. History of Whittier. Whittier, CA: Western Print Corporation, 1933.

Carter, Coila. "History of Whittier." B. A. thesis, Whittier College, 1908.

Cooper, Charles W. Whittier: Independent College in California. Los Angeles, CA: Ward Ritchie Press, 1967.

Cooper, Charles W. The A. Wardman Story. Whittier, CA: Whittier College, 1961.

Elliott, Charles, Jr. Whittier College: The First Century on the Poet Campus, a Pictorial Remembrance. Redondo Beach, CA: Legends Press, 1986.

Feeler, William Henry. History of Whittier College. M. A. thesis, University of Southern California, 1919.

Harris, Herbert Eugene. The Quaker and the West: The First Sixty Years of Whittier College. [s.l.:] Whittier College, 1948.

Pearce, Phyllis M., Claire G. Radford, and Mary Ann Rummel. Founders and Friends. Whittier, CA: Rio Hondo College Community Services, 1977.

II. Location of other data:
University: Library, Facilities Management Office

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