Council of Independent Colleges Historic Campus Architecture Project


Detchon Center for International Studies

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Institution Name: Wabash College
Original/Historic Place Name: Yandes Library
Location on Campus: College Mall
Date(s) of Construction and Designer(s):
1890original construction Unknown
1995expansion and renovation BSA
Type of Place: Individual building
Style(s): (Glossary)
Foundation: concrete
Walls: brick
Roof: copper
ca. 1890-1959library
ca. 1959other (radio station)
ca. 1959academic department building (art)
ca. 1959-present (2007)classrooms
ca. 1959-present (2007)theater (small performance hall)
ca. 1959-present (2007)museum (art gallery)
ca. 1995-present (2007)academic department building (modern languages, classics; includes classrooms, language labs, and large gallery space for lectures, seminars, gatherings)

Significance: architecture, education
Landmark designation:
Narrative: see below
References: see below

Built to be the first free-standing library on the Wabash campus, Yandes Library Hall housed 30,000 volumes in 1892. When completed in 1890, the building of two stories and a basement had an eighty-foot tower that was later removed. The first floor accommodated 75,000 volumes on wrought iron stacks, a large reading room, and a librarian's office. The Trustees Room, two art galleries, and offices opened off an open second floor balcony. A center skylight let in light for the stacks below.

The building was named for Simon B. Yandes, an important early benefactor and trustee of the college, who gave a significant sum toward its construction. When the new Lilly Library was completed just across the Mall in 1959, modest changes in Yandes were made to house the Art Department, a gallery/performance hall, radio station, and classrooms. With a major gift in 1995 from Irwin Lee Detchon, Wabash alumnus and local artist, Yandes was totally renovated, expanded, and renamed Detchon Center for International Studies. Many of the original features such as woodwork, hardware and moldings, were either reused or duplicated, including the tower which was redesigned and positioned to signify the realignment of the building to face the current College Mall.

I. Bibliographic sources:

Montgomery County Interim Report. Indianapolis, IN: Historic Landmarks Foundation of Indiana, 1986.

Larson, Jens Frederick, and Archie MacInnes Palmer. Architectural Planning of the American College. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1933.

Osborne, James I., and Theodore G. Gronert. Wabash College: The First Hundred Years, 1832-1932. Crawfordsville, IN: Wabash College, 1932.

II. Location of other data:
University: Library, Special Collections

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