Council of Independent Colleges Historic Campus Architecture Project

 

 
College Green

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Institution Name: St. John's College (MD)
Original/Historic Place Name: Front Campus, known as "College Green Barracks" during Civil War
Location on Campus: front, running along College Ave.
Date(s) of Construction and Designer(s):
n.d.natural landscape Unknown
Type of Place: Landscape site
Type of landscape–
Large-scale features:
Once a cow pasture, now a more formal campus green.
Other characteristics:
Open space between main college row and residential district of town; used during the Civil War as an area for temporary barracks for Northern troops and as a hospital and parole camp,"The College Geen Barracks."
Materials: open expanse of lawn with some brick walkways and formal arrangement of trees
    Function:
ca. 2004-present (2007)outdoor space (college green; also croquet is played here including the annual croquet match with the Naval Academy)

Significance: architecture, history, landscape
Landmark designation:
none
Narrative: see below
References: see below
 

Narrative:
The Liberty Tree was already matured when Annapolis residents staged their own tea party and burned the vessel "Peggy Stewart" in 1774. The tulip poplar has survived a bolt of lightning and an explosion of gunpowder within its trunk. Liberty Trees were designated as meeting places to protest British actions. Under the branches of the Liberty Tree in Annapolis, the Sons of Liberty met to hear Samuel Chase and other patriot orators. Annapolis residents also gathered there to determine whether or not people who had not joined the association of patriots should be driven out of the colony. Under the Liberty Tree the first Methodist sermon was given in Maryland on July 11, 1722.

On September 16, 1999, Hurricane Floyd hit Annapolis, dumping 12 inches of rain and thrashing the area with 65 mph winds. Thousands of trees were downed or damaged, including the Liberty Tree at St. John's College. The last of the Liberty Trees under which patriots met to plan the American Revolution, the tulip poplar at St. John's was probably 400 years old. When a series of experts determined that the tree could not be saved, the college reluctantly made the decision to take it down.
 

References:
I. Bibliographic sources:

None specified.

II. Location of other data:
University: Library, Special Collections
Other: local Historical Society for information about the Liberty Tree
 

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Last update: November 2006