Council of Independent Colleges Historic Campus Architecture Project


Saint Agnes Hospital

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Institution Name: Saint Augustine's College
Original/Historic Place Name: Saint Agnes Hospital
Location on Campus: 1315 Oakwood Ave.
Date(s) of Construction and Designer(s):
1909original construction Delaney, Bishop Henry Beard Saint Augustine Trade School faculty
Type of Place: Individual building
Style(s): (Glossary)
Foundation: granite
Walls: granite (interior and exterior)
Roof: slate
ca. 1909-1961infirmary (hospital)
ca. 1961-present (2007)administration
ca. 2004-present (2007)classrooms (with offices and conference rooms for college and local community)
ca. 2004-present (2007)museum (campus museum)

Significance: architecture, culture, education, religion
Landmark designation:
National RegisterSt. Augustine's College Campus (1980)
Narrative: see below
References: see below

The Chapel, Taylor Hall, and Saint Agnes Hospital are among the campus buildings that were constructed in the 1800s. The buildings represent the religious symbolism that is part of the early development of Saint Augustine's College and its history of growth.

Saint Agnes Hospital was established in 1896. Until Wake Medical Center became available in the 1960s, Saint Agnes Hospital on the Saint Augustine campus offered the only medical services for blacks in the Raleigh community. It was also part of the training for nurses.

The three-story, stone cruciform structure was built in 1909 and served as a hospital until 1961.

This building has subsequently been used for administrative and classroom purposes, storage, as a college store, and for other miscellaneous purposes. When funds become available, it will be remodeled to better server campus and community needs.

Saint Augustine's College, located in the City of Raleigh, NC, was established by the Freeman's Commission of the Protestant Episcopal Church in 1867, only two years after the close of the American Civil War. The history of this school tells an interesting story of how the institution was put together and how the special mission of Saint Augustine's started out as a responsibility of the Church. (Or it may be assumed that both the school and church came together to identify needs in educating the newly freed slaves.) St. Augustine's was originally a missionary effort of the national church. As the college evolved from a normal to a collegiate school, it developed into a trade school. Like many historically black colleges, vocational school was a way to prepare minority students for a life under segregation, but due in part to growing ties between the church and the college, the curriculum has shifted from an emphasis on industrial education and pre-theological training to its current focus on scholarship, research, and community service.

Saint Augustine's pursues excellence by developing: 1) flexible and innovative courses of study that integrate theory and practice through experiential approaches to learning; 2) opportunities for students to apply what they learn through service learning, internships, and cooperative education; 3) purposeful and individualized programs of study for nontraditional students, through preparation for a career change or re-entry into the work force; and 4) knowledge and appreciation of cultural differences through interdisciplinary courses, study abroad, and other programs.

I. Bibliographic sources:

Boykin, James H. "St. Augustine's College, 1938-1958." Typescript. [1958?]. Archives, St. Augustine's College, Raleigh, NC.

Brown, David W. St. Augustine's College Campus. National Register of Historic Places designation report. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of the Interior/ National Park Service, 1980.

Chitty, Arthur Ben. A Brief History of St. Augustine's College. [s.l: s.n., n.d.].

Halliburton, Cecil D. A History of St. Augustine's College 1867-1937. Raleigh, NC: Edwards and Broughton Company, 1937.

Roundtree, Thelma Johnson. Strengthening the Ties that Bind: A History of Saint Augustine's College. Raleigh, NC: St. Augustine's College, 2002.

United States. Congress. House. Committee on Natural Resources. Historically Black Colleges and Universities Historic Building Restoration and Preservation Act: Report Together with Dissenting Views (To Accompany H.R. 2921) (Including Cost Estimate of the Congressional Budget Office. Washington, DC: Government Printing Office, 1993.

II. Location of other data:
University: Library
Government Offices

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