Council of Independent Colleges Historic Campus Architecture Project



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Institution Name: Roanoke College
Original/Historic Place Name: Monterey
Location on Campus:
Date(s) of Construction and Designer(s):
1853original construction Deyerle Brothers
1926remodeled Unknown
Type of Place: Individual building
Style(s): (Glossary)
Foundation: brick
Walls: brick
Roof: metal
ca. 1853private residence
ca. 1853other (boarding house and summer resort)
ca. 1920Greek letter society (fraternity quarters)
ca. 2004-present (2007)other (vacant, under repair and review)

Significance: architecture, education
Landmark designation:
National RegisterMonterey (1974)
Narrative: see below
References: see below

Monterey, located in downtown Salem, Virginia, is a grand Greek Revival residence of considerable architectural and historical interest. The two-story brick house was built ca. 1853 on a hill-top site a block away from the Roanoke County Courthouse and Roanoke College. Monterey was operated as a boarding house and summer resort at the turn of the twentieth century, catering to families from the Deep South, and the home served briefly as quarters for a Roanoke College fraternity in the 1920s.

Monterey is distinguished by its tripartite façade, its two-tier Doric portico (later given one-story wings), and its unconventional entry-hall plan, as well as by many secondary exterior and interior features dating from the original construction through the 1926 remodeling. Behind the house is a contemporaneous two-story brick dependency that served as servants quarters in the 1920s and likely earlier, and at the east edge of the property stands the Tanyard House, a small antebellum frame dwelling associated with the Chapman Tan Yard (ca. 1870).

I. Bibliographic sources:

Eisenberg, William E. The First Hundred Years, Roanoke College, 1842-1942. Salem, VA: Trustees of Roanoke College, 1942.

Miller, Mark F. Dear Old Roanoke, A Sesquicentennial Portrait, 1842-1992. Macon, GA: Mercer University Press, 1992.

Traditions: Roanoke College Yesterday and Today. Salem, VA: Roanoke College, 1981.

Virginia Historic Landmarks Commission. Main Campus Complex, Roanoke College. National Register of Historic Places designation report. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of the Interior/ Park Service, 1973.

II. Location of other data:
University: Special Collections, Unknown
—details: Archives, Roanoke College.
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